Permaculture Farm: A Food Forest Regeneration


Permaculture is a sustainable way to live human in harmony with nature following ecological principles that found in nature. Permaculture is applicable in almost every living area. It's well known in supplying sustainable food production. The permaculture farm is a way to grow fruits, vegetables and various other edible vegetation of forest origin. It is an old idea but getting more attraction in this modern era. Farming forest food in Garden and orchards in a well-managed way gives nice production. In wild these plants differ a lot and may not be easily available and difficult to harvest. These forest plants take sometimes to adapt to a new environment, once they do they maintain themselves and adapted they provide much more food than the traditional gardens.
Permaculture focused on smart work, not harder, reduce waste, control pollution, water waste & energy waste. Permaculture is best for the world with constrained energy and natural resources. Permaculture emphasis on perennial crops after a favorable environment obtained with plantation of starter plant. Permaculture ethics includes earth care with lots of resources for the dependent people for making their living, people care to the environment that people depend on and fair share of resources of Earth for personal consumptions equitable.
Permaculture Farm: A Food Forest Regeneration--Permaculture farm
Permaculture Farm: Food Forest

How to set up Permaculture Farming?

Instead of immediately buy fruit trees and plant them, First, of edaphic factors need to be considered ie. soil properties like texture, nutrient availability, porosity, water holding capacity, etc. along with a lot of knowledge about which species best fitted the reason and patience for long term projects. The larger the area the better for forest plant. The main concern should be given to develop good nutrient soil. When the plant gets good nutrient soil to grow then it grows vigorously.  Nature develop nutrient through the dead leaves from trees that slowly composting and turning into dirt. In orchards, traditionally dead leaves are frequently removed and use fertilizers instead. To create a sustainable permaculture farm, the cultivation environment should similar to that of nature. For providing a natural environment the land is heavily mulch and give enough time to decompose.
When the soil is well composted and watered then it is ready to plant the first plant to permaculture farm. The first plant should be fast and easy to grow that means it's hardy before investing in sophisticated and highly sensitive plants or trees. Let the plant grows vigorously like a weed for months and years that will help to make the soil more hospitable to other following plants growing in the land in the future. Creating better microclimate, blocking hard winds and moderating temperature are the other additional function of starter plants.
Eventually, forest fruit starts to produce a yield in a permaculture farm. Gradually you can grow larger fruit trees. The fruit tree should be capable of naturally grown in areas of a permaculture farm. Special care should be provided to the fruit trees during establishing years as the areas my not cent percent suitable for the plant and but after a year, the soil becomes better and the tree becomes stronger and well established thus, can grow on its own. No need to care that much in later years.
The trees give yields rest of the years than different kind of plants like small trees, bushes, small plants and herbs can be grown in same environment under food forest in layers. Adding up the layers the production of permaculture farm increase geometrically in comparision with the food grown in traditional way. It's appears like a forest rather than a orchard with full of valuable species. After year or two the annual or biannual plant grown in the beginning can be removed. Building a food forest is time-consuming but when completed it's a continuous source of nutritious food best quality. This connects people to nature.

Software Freedom Day 2019, NOSK NCIT

Software Freedom Day, SFD is an annual worldwide event celebration of Free and Open Source Software (FOSS). It is organised to increasing awareness of Free Software and its virtues, and encouraging its use. SFD was established in 2004 and was first observed on 28 August of that year. Since 2006 Software Freedom Day has been held on the Every Third Saturday of September.

Nepal Open Source Klub, NOSK

NOSK, also Nepal Open Source Klub, has been around from 2008, and is initiated by the free and open source enthusiasts at Nepal College of Information Technology (NCIT). NOSK organizes and facilitates many of the technical activities that are held at college, and has been organizing "Software Freedom Day (SFD)" in Nepal
This year, the SFD falls on September 21. NOSK was listed as one of the most deserving teams in 2010 and 2016 event, and we aren't settling there. As we've always been, we're committed to making this year's event larger and useful than ever before and win over our past self. The event's success can largely be attributed to the helping hands, college and sponsors, whose support has been instrumental in helping our participants during the event.
Software Freedom Day 2019, NOSk NCIT Join Us Banner
Learn more NOSK NCIT.

Event Details

Software Freedom Day is the worldwide event celebrated by all the Open Source enthusiasts. Every year it is celebrated on third Saturday of September. This year Nepal Open Source Klub, NOSK is going to celebrate on the 21st of September. The event includes both technical as well as non-technical events most of them are partially or fully devoted to Open Source promotion.

Free entrance for everyone:).
Date: 21st September 2019 (२०७६ - असोज - ४)
Time: 10 AM Onwards
Venue: Nepal College of Information Technology, Balkumari, Lalitpur.

Events and Timing
  1. Introduction to Open Source 10:00–11:00
  2. Workshops 11:00–16:00
    1. Professional Project Management using GitHub 11:00–16:00
    2. Mobile App Development using Flutter 11:00–16:00
  3. TechTalks
    1. Cyber Security and Open Source (Speaker: Er. Kumar Pudasaini) 11:00–12:00
    2. Quantam Computing: The Present and the Future (Speaker: Prof. Dr. Sashidhar Ram Joshi) 12:30–13:30
    3. TensorFlow (Speaker: Er. Dipesh Das) 14:00–15:00
  4. NOSKode 3.0 10:00–16:00
  5. Hackathon (Debian Repository Server) 10:00–16:00
  6. Distro Demo (Ubuntu, Manjaro, Kali, Fedora and Debian) 10:00–16:00
  7. Non-Technical Events (Photo Booth, Gaming such as Tower of Hanoi, Dart), 3D Movie Show, and Food Stalls) 10:00–16:00

History

During 1980s and before, Source code for the software were free and can be user by any individuals, Business models on those days were on Hardware. Software was freely provided by companies with their hardware machine. In late 1970s and early 1980s, computer manufacturer starts to provide only the binary copy of their software, providing users no right to edit and modify not ever to understand how it works. In the mean time some companies starts selling the software only. Business based on hardware are shifted to software by then.

In 1983, Richard Stallman, announced the GNU project, saying that he had become frustrated with the effects of the change in culture of the computer industry and its users. Software development for the GNU operating system began in January 1984, and the Free Software Foundation (FSF) was founded in October 1985.

GNU

The GNU Project is a free-software, mass-collaboration project, first announced on September 27, 1983 aim is to give computer users freedom and control in their use of their computers and computing devices, by collaboratively developing and providing software that is based on the following freedom rights:

  1. users are free to run the software
  2. share it (copy, distribute)
  3. study it
  4. modify it.
GNU software guarantees these freedom-rights legally (via its license), and is therefore free software; the use of the word “free” always being taken to refer to freedom. GNU is a recursive acronym meaning “GNU’s not Unix”). Richard Stallman defines free software as a matter of liberty, not price.

FOSS

Free and open-source software is a computer software which are free (in term of freedom) software and Open source (ie.  Source code is openly shared so that people are encouraged to voluntarily improve the design / performance  of the software.) Software. Anyone is freely licensed to use, copy, study, and change the software in any way. The main benefits of Free and opensource software can me listed as, Decreasing software cost, increasing security and stability, protecting privacy and giving users more control. FOSS are those software which are controlled by user, not user controlling software.

Why SFD?

Our goal in this celebration is to educate the worldwide public about the benefits of using high quality FOSS in education, in government, at home, and in business — in short, everywhere!
Objectives of SFD:
  • To celebrate software freedom and the people behind it
  • To foster a general understanding of software freedom, and encourage adoption of free software and open standards
  • To create more equal access to opportunities through the use of participatory technologies
  • To promote constructive dialogue on responsibilities and rights in the information society
Learn more Software Freedom Day.

Conclusion

Software Freedom Day, SFD is an annual worldwide event celebration of FOSS. NOSK is going to celebrate on the 21st of September. Free software as a matter of liberty, not price. This global event aims to educate the public about the benefits of using FOSS at home, school, government, virtually everywhere. 

B.Sc. Forestry Entrance Online Form - 2076

B.Sc. Forestry Entrance Online Form - 2076
IOF has recently published its official notice on 17th of Bhadra, 2076 about admission related Notice on B.Sc. Forestry program at IOF Campuses. The Entrance Exam will be held on 16th of Kartik, 2076. The Entrance Exam is for the Academic session 2076/080. Those examiner appears in this entrance and gets succeed would be part of IOF soon in future. Examiners should be eligible for the B.Sc. Forestry program to appear in this entrance exam. Here, I would cover basic knowledge or ideas an applicant should have before applying for entrance online.

  1. Anyone interested can apply for entrance online through this link: http://entrance.iof.edu.np
  2. The applicant can fill up the application form for the entrance examination in between 18th of Bhadra, 2076 to 8th of Kartik,2076 in normal charge while up to 15th of Kartik on the expense of double charge.
  3. The application fee would cost NRs. 2500/- which need to be deposited prior to filling up the application form on the account name: Institute of Forestry, Account number: 10200100579674000001 in Nepal Bank Limited, PrithviChowk, Pokhara.
  4. The eligible candidate for the entrance exam are those who have completed I.Sc or Forestry Diploma, equivalent or +2 Science or A level Science in which studied Math and Biology of  Full Marks 100/100 and at least obtained C Grade on both (Theory + Practical) in every subject 40%
For details about how to fill up the IOF B.Sc. Forestry Entrance Exam form see: How to apply for Entrance Exam Form for IOF, B.Sc. Forestry Online?

IOF Admission Reserve sit (Kota) Scheme

In General sits, IOF, Pokhara Campus hold 36 and IOF, Heatauda Campus holds 27 students.
Based on the amount the student had to study B.Sc. Forestry, the sits are General (Scholarship) and Capitation (Full Pay).
Top examiners in the respective college would enjoy General sit (Include only Tuition fee discount) based on following General and Reserve sit (Kota);

General Sit
Pokhara Campus
Hetauda Campus
General
27
19
Female
2
1
Aadhibasi/Janajati
1
1
Madesi
1
1
Dalit
1
1
Rural Area
1
1
Muslim
1
1
Tharu
1
1
Staff
1
1
Total
36
27

In Capitation sits, Pokhara Campus hold 44 and IOF, Heatuda Campus holds 53 students Examiners who obtained marks below general sit would get admission based on following Kota Scheme;

Capitation Sit
Pokhara Campus
Hetauda Campus
General
31
38
Female
2
2
Aadhibasi/Janajati
1
2
Madesi
1
1
Dalit
1
1
Rural Area
1
1
Muslim
1
1
Tharu
1
1
Department
4
5
Staff
1
1
Total
44
53

Adding both General and Capitation sits on both campus come up with 80 students in each campuses. The capacity of Kathmandu Forestry College to intake students for B.Sc. Forestry is 50.

Required document to fill up entrance form of B.Sc. Forestry.

  1. Amount Deposited Bank Voucher (A/c name, no., Bank Branch and Amount see above).
  2. Scanned copy of mark sheet from your respective education institution as mention earlier.
  3. Applicant photo and signature in scanned form.
Applicant should select the campus s/he interrelated to study while filling up the form.
Applying for a general sit of respective college won't cost any additional charge.
While filling for Kota of general sit (other than general) should mention Kota of general sit you like to include yourself in addition to the selection of college and bank voucher of NRs. 100 for each Kota you applying for and necessary document to show you are an eligible candidate for the Kota. 
While filling the form for General Capitation Sit you need to have bank deposit voucher of NRs. 300/- along with campus you interested to study.
For those applicants who want to apply on reserves sits of Capitation, in addition, to choose campus you applying for and also need to show bank deposit voucher of NRs. 100/- for each if applied for more than 3 reserves sits.
Required certified documents from the respective authorized organization should be submitted after the entrance exam result to enjoy the reserve sit to those particular students.s

How to apply for Entrance Exam Form for IOF, B.Sc. Forestry Online?

Forestry is one of the subjects with the scope of a prosperous future and career. Recently, IOF, Dean's office has opened examination form for B.Sc. Forestry to be held at 16th of Kartik, 2076.

To be eligible for the entrance examination, one has to complete I.Sc. Forestry or Forestry Diploma, equivalent or +2 Science or A-Level Science in which one studied study Math and Biology of the Full Mark 100/100 and at least obtained C Grade or both (Theory + Practical) in every subject or 40% or CGPA 2.

The application fee is NRs. 2500/- which need to be deposited prior to filling up the application form on the account name: Institute of Forestry, Account number 19200100579674000001 in Nepal Bank Limited, Prithvichowk, Pokhara.

STEPS FOR ONLINE ADMISSION FORM OF IOF, B.Sc. FORESTRY:
  1. First of all the applicant should enter the following link: http://entrance.iof.edu.np given to your browser tab or click on the link given here
  2. Now, you would able to see three different sections. Click on “Start Registration” other options come into use after filling up the application form i.e. to know the status of registration and to download Admit Card for Entrance Exam after the deadline to fill up the B.Sc. Forestry Entrance Examination Form. Also, don’t forget to see the notice (to get detail about more related to Entrance Exam rules) just below three sections which appear in slight scrolling down.
  3. How to apply for entrance exam form for IOF, BSC. Forestry online -- Start Registration
    Start Registration for IOF, B.Sc. Entrance Exam Form Online















3. Clicking on “Start Registration” would lead you to steps to complete your entrance exam form. In the First Step, you just need to read thoroughly line by line without skipping a word as it included important information regarding the requirements before filling of the form afterward. The basic things you have to do prior to sit for filling up the entry form is to deposit NRs. 2500/- as application fee in Nepal Bank Limited of Prithvichowk in Account Name: Institute of Forestry and account no. 19200100579674000001.

How to apply for Entrance Exam Form for IOF, B.Sc. Forestry Online?-- Required Documents
Documents required to fill up IOF, B.Sc. Forestry Entrance Form.


4.    In step two, you have to fill your basic details (i.e. Mobile no., Date of Birth in Bikram Sambhat (B.S.) and Citizenship No.) should be given accurately. Then, click on Next Button.
How to apply for Entrance Exam Form for IOF, B.Sc. Forestry Online?-- Fill basic Details
Fill your basic Details
4.  Fill up your Personal Details.




Personal Details Fill up



Finally, go to Submit Registration to complete the steps.