Why Critical Thinking Really Matters?

Do you think critically? What does this question really mean? It means you just do not take some information as it is when you have the ability to think critically. You take the information, interpret it, analyze what it meant to say, compare it with preexisting information and knowledge, whether it breaks some rules or regular patterns like that, and many more which at the end help in making a reasonable judgment. It involves evaluation of the source of information, data, facts and observable phenomena, and research findings. Critical thinking has brought lots of discoveries, ideas, views, and opinions on different subject matters. Critical thinkers are aware of the interrelation between various laws and action, cause, and effects. Such minds are nimble and versatile, enough to see relationships among things. Good critical thinkers have the ability to draw a reasonable conclusion from a set of information and have the ability to discriminate between useful and less useful details to solve any problems or to make any judgment. 

Why Critical Thinking Really Matters?
Critical Thinking

What is critical thinking?

Critical thinking is purposeful, self-regulatory judgment, which results in interpretation, analysis, evaluation, and inference. Critical thinking in the general term gives a wide range of cognitive and intellectual skills needed to effectively identify, analyze and evaluate arguments.

Why do Critical thinking value most?

Critical thinking helps to reflect own values, beliefs, and assumptions and recognize what one actually knows. Such people can effectively engage in problem-solving by being open-minded. It helps to link the information and use it for decision-making.

What are the critical thinking skills one should have?

The skills possess by critical thinkers are as follow: 

Analysis: Help out to carefully examine something. Examine information, understand what it actually means, and properly explain the implication of that information to others.

Interpretation: This skill helps out concluding the meaning of processed information.

Evaluation: Help out to make decisions based on available information.

Inference: Help out to assess whether the acquired knowledge is sufficient and reliable.

Explanation: Help out to communicate finding and reasoning clearly.

Self-regulation: It's the ability to understand and control learning. This helps out to manage and organize the thoughts and convert them into skills used for learning.

What are the critical thinking standards?

The critical thinking Standards are: 

Clarity: Clarity is a "gateway" standard. If a statement is not clear one can't determine whether it is accurate or relevant. So, the primary standard is clarity which means, critical thinkers first understand, grasped the meaning, free themselves from confusion or ambiguity to remove obscurities. 

Accuracy: Critical thinkers should be free from errors, mistakes, or distortions. 

Precision: They act more like being accurate, definite, and exact.

Relevance: They fully aware that whether the issue being discussed logically relevant.

Depth: Thought all the possible complexities and difficulties of the issues. 

Breadth: It's the thought about all the necessary contexts of the issue.

Logic: It is science related to how to evaluate arguments and reasoning. It's the process of evaluation that uses logic to separate truth from falsehood. It is essential to make a good decision.

Fairness: It's an act to involve in a way like an open-minded, impartial, and free of biases and preconception that distort our thinking.

What are the Benefits of critical thinking?

Critical thinking enables one to see beyond, not judge, cultural norms and learn how to understand other factors that can influence decision-making. There is a huge benefit of being a critical thinker. Some of the Benefits of Critical Thinking are pointed out below. They are:

  • Key for Career Success
  • Better Decision-Making Capacity 
  • Form well-informed opinions.
  • Better citizen
  • Improves relationships
  • Promotes Curiosity, improved attention, and observation.
  • Allows for Creativity
  • Have knowledge of how to get your own point across more easily

Why there exist so many barriers to critical thinking? 

Everyone argues that critical thinking is so important in human life. Even though there everywhere uncritical thinking is so common. The common barriers to critical thinking are lack of relevant background information, poor reading skills, poor listening skills, distrust of reason, etc. Among all these the powerful barriers to critical thinking are people's are egocentrism, sociocentrism, unwarranted assumption, etc.

What are the characteristics of critical thinkers?

  • Observation: Earliest critical thinking skill; ability to perceive and understand the world around.
  • Curiosity: It is the act of wondering why something is in the way it is instead of taking everything at face value.
  • Objectivity: Focus on facts, scientific evaluation; keep their (and others) emotions from affecting their judgment. It's impossible to remain completely objective as we're shaped by point of view and life experience however being aware of biases if the first step to being objective and looking at an issue. 
  • Introspection: It's the art of aware of self-thinking i.e. thinking about how you think about things.
  • Analytical thinking: It is the ability to analyze the information when almost looking at anything whether it is a contract, report, business model, or even relationship, information.
  • Identifying biases: Critical thinkers able to identify the evidence that forms their beliefs and assess whether those sources are credible or not. This helps out understand own biases and question preconceived notions.
  • Determining Relevance: One of the difficult tasks to critically thinking is figuring out what information is the most relevant, meaningful, and important for given consideration. 
  • Inference: It's the ability to extrapolate meaning from data and discover potential outcomes when assessing a scenario.
  • Compassion and empathy: Critical thinkers having compassion and empathy can skew their perception but the point of having compassion to concern about others' value and welfare and prevent pointing towards heartless scientific facts and data.
  • Humility: Critical thinkers have the willingness to acknowledge one's shortcomings and see one's positive attributes in an accurate way and aware of one's flaws along with strength.
  • Willing to challenge the status quo: Critical thinkers challenge long-established business practices, looking for smart, thoughtful answers and methods to take into account of all the current and relevant information.
  • Open-mindedness: Critical thinkers don't jump to conclusions rather embrace other opinions and views with an open mind.
  • Aware of common thinking errors: They don't allow logic and reasoning to become clouded by illusion and misconception. So, critical thinkers aware of common logical fallacies, errors in reasoning.
  • Creative thinking: Reject standardized format for problem-solving. They have a wide range of interests and adopt multiple perspectives on a problem.
  • Effective communicators: Clear thought related to different perspective helps out effective communication
  • Active listeners: Carefully engaged in active listening and really hear others' points of view. actively participate, ask questions to gather information, and seek to gain insight deeper into the issue.