Ultimate Guide on How to Register .np Domain

.np Domain registration is free of cost for citizens of Nepal and Businesses with in Nepal. .np Domain is a ccTLD, country-code Top Level Domain. With .np domain we can register .com.np, .net.np, .org.np, .info.np, .edu.np and a lot more Domain Extensions. Here is the Ultimate Guide on How to Register .np Domain
.com.np is open for registration, ie. Any Entity eligible for .np domain can select the .com.np. where as .edu.np is for educational institutions and .org.np for organizations. And Criteria are applied for most of the other domains extensions.

What is .np Domain

.np domain is a country-code Top Level Domain for Nepal. A country code top-level domain (ccTLD) is an Internet top-level domain generally used or reserved for a country, sovereign state, or dependent territory identified with a country code. All ASCII ccTLD identifiers are two letters long, and all two-letter top-level domains are ccTLDs.
Domain name is a unique identity in the World Wide Web. Once a domain name is registered by a user s/he has full control over that domain until it expires. Well, there is no expiry date for .np domain yet. Every domain name should be associated with an IP to locate the resource that is to be displayed in the web page. We need a DNS manager to point a domain to IP.

Requirement for .np Domain Registration

Here is a list of required docs for domain .np domain registration:
  • For Personal
    1. Scan Copy of Citizenship Card / Driving License
    2. An Application letter
  • For Businesses
    1. Scan Copy of Company registration certificate
    2. An Application written in official Cover Letter
This guide is for Personal Domain registration. Before Starting this guide. Here is some requirement:
  • Scan copy of Citizenship card
  • Email for Creating an account on DNS manager and Domain Registrar

Start Domain Registration

First Visit register.com.np and create Account

Enter your Full name, your email set a password and confirm it. We need this username and password so if necessary write it down.
Also, visit sso.godaddy.com and Create your account in Godaddy. Godaddy Provide DNS management tool for free. Learn about DNS management and Zone Records

You may need to add your mobile no. and verify your email address before further process. Check your Email account if there is any mail from np domain or GoDaddy and follow the instruction if any.
Now login to register.com.np and in the Apply new domain section, Search the domain name you want to register and click on Search. If the domain had already taken try a different name and different extensions, from the drop-down. For personal domain you can have .com.np, .info.np, .name.np.

Click in register now
Now we need Name Server. With Name Server your domain will be pointed to a DNS manager and you can manage other Zone records from there. So now login to Godaddy and follow dcc.godaddy.com/domains/dnsHosting/add. Enter your Domain name. Now you will get Two Name server. Use these name server in the Domain registration page. Fill other details about you and click save and continue

Now In the Attach required documents Select Registration/Citizenship card from DropDown. Then click on Choose File, Then Select your scanned copy of Citizenship and Click on Save Image. Remember it should be less than 800 KB. For cover letter follow Np Domain Registration Cover Letter Generator. Upload the cover letter and select Save Image. Then Click in Register Domain.

Domain request Received

Now your Domain is Registered. It needs to be approved, It would take some days. Insufficient information may cause delay in request processing. Make sure it's according to Terms and Conditions provided. If you follow all the processes. All required docs are provided and is under TOC.

To continue your Domain usages, and following different guide on the internet. If you are asked to modify some DNS record you can login to Godaddy and modify your DNS records. If you are asked to modify NS records you can still do this from Godaddy DNS.

Conclusion

We register .np Domain. .np Domain is a ccTLD. We user DNS management tool so that we can point to different domain according to our need without modifying the NS record, which would take more than a day. It would take some days for the domain to get approved and registered fully. Finally, your .np Domain is registered.

How Community Forest Enterprise can function effectively?

How Community Forest Enterprise can function effectively?
CFEs is one of the meaningful pathways for the alleviation of poverty of forest-dependent communities utilizing forest products from the community forest, local creativity, and entrepreneurship through the activities of community people. Forest resources have the potential to create economic opportunities at the local level and to strengthen resource conservation. The policy and attention are given to focus this activity utilizing forest products from the community forest. Many reformations have been made in the last few decades but still, there are lots of to reform for the betterment of the users involving in the enterprises in the community forest. Many new problems are arising with the change of market structure and demand and development of advanced technology. To overcome the competition faced by the enterprises with the development of advanced technology user also need to familiar to catch up the trend and need to reduce production cost to compete with other reveal products in the market.  Thus, from the study of three CFEs, it was found that some changes are needed to make based on the barrier each of the enterprises is facing.
Each enterprise has its own constraints and limitations that may due to geography, remoteness, traditional technology, locally inappropriate managerial procedure, and many more.

Functional on Annual Basis

The studied enterprises all were found to be operated seasonally that means they can’t run throughout the year. So, the dependent community can’t fully dependent on these enterprises. Thus, people get less interested in involving in enterprises in this sense. All the member involve have their own household works and they have to do all and look after their other economical sources to make their living. So, first of all, the enterprise should be made that operate the whole year. For that support should be provided by the authorized agency to collect raw materials required for the whole year or add up another diverse type of enterprise product to reduce dependency on single raw materials available in single season. This help to inspire locals and involve with full comfort. Among these enterprises, users found in allo enterprise keep them involved in allo thread weaving comparatively more time compare to other, in Lapsi enterprise they involve during available of lapsi that hardly last for four months and that only some days while in bel enterprise user involve during harvesting, processing, filling and packing of the final product. 

Facilities of the market for local products 

Availability of the market should be insured by any means. Encouraging locals and poor community in forest-based enterprises but not ensuring the market for the local production was the challenges faced by the members involved in it. No any clear provision to buy qualitative enterprise produce by the enterprises discourage enterprises to produce products in large quantity. Although there is market for these products, they are not well managed. The competition between similar products, distribution mechanisms of the products and lack of knowledge to the consumers the quality products creating troubles for local products. So, all the works from taking responsibility to buy quality enterprise product and promote and distribution responsibility should be done by an authorized agency so that it really contributes to the poor who involve in the enterprises after selling out their goods to market. The policies that encourage the use of local products, promotion, make aware the benefits of the goods, distribution, and knowledge to identify the original good should be provided and take responsibility.

Initiative in the establishment of forest-based enterprises in community forest.

The incentive to the user involving in the enterprises is required most to increase people participation of people in the enterprise's activities that helped to uplift their socio-economic condition. Since, a forest-based enterprise in community forest is targeted to socially and economically backward poor communities thus, to bring up the government should provide some sorts of incentives in the establishment of the enterprise so that they can make their living from the enterprises. During the establishment phase, it requires a large sum of investment for the economically weak communities. Government officials should take their initiative for establishing enterprise in the backward communities to overcome their troubles through providing them a sustainable source for making their living.

Training and educate users in managerial and enterprise processing technique

The general population in the rural area are unaware of managerial and other various techniques requires to operate the enterprises. Thus, they need to train first and give them lots of information and knowledge about the ways how people can take benefits, the responsibility they need to fulfill, the contribution they can make to improve enterprise activities in more competitive and effective ways. The necessary guide should be given and experience sharing should be encouraged thus, new members involving in the enterprise would be aware of how to do processing, marketing, recording transactions and supports, coordinating with other agencies, etc.

Use of advanced technology

The 21st Century markets are always competitive either that is due to similar products produce or substitutional products available in the market and are available in low price. The product price is low when their production cost is reduced. When the enterprise products are produced in less amount the production cost per each quantity is higher so, increasing no. of enterprise would help to reduce expenses made on each of the enterprises. Traditional methods of harvesting, transporting, processing and packing in each step if advanced technology is used then that would be cheaper in long run for comparatively larger enterprises.